All Our Practice Efforts, Directed to the Cessation of the Taints
When the five spiritual strengths (Panca-bala) are developed, strong and balanced, it is possible to overcome the gravitational pulling force of unwholesome kamma forces of lust, ill will and delusion (rāga, dosa & moha) in the subconscious mind, liberation from samsāra can then be achieved in the moment of death, this will be the end of our cycle of birth, death, and rebirth in this samsāra world.
(1) Saddhā 信
: faith, confidence, that is reasoned and rooted in understanding. It is not in conflict with the spirit of inquiry, and doubt about dubitable things. Faith should also be balanced with wisdom. Through wisdom and understanding, faith becomes an inner certainty and firm conviction based on one’s own experience. Faith is called the seed of all wholesome states because it inspires the mind with confidence and determination, for launching out to cross the flood of samsara.
(2) Viriya 勤
: vigour; valor; courage; energy; strength. This Samana’s path is only for those who are supremely vigorous and intense in practice, arousing energy for abandoning unwholesome qualities and acquiring wholesome qualities, strong, firm in exertion, never casting off the duty of cultivating wholesome qualities.
(3) Sati 念
: mindfulness, memory, recollection, alertness; active state of mind, fixing the mind strongly upon any subject, attention, attentiveness, thought, reflection, consciousness, intentness of mind, wakefulness of mind, lucidity of mind.
(4) samadhi 定
: union, tranquility, calm state. Samadhi is a perfect training ground to cultivate and strengthen the mental strengths against taints and fetters.
(5) pañña 慧
: wisdom, intellect, reason. It leads to the penetration of the impermanency (anicca), dukkha and non-self (anatta) of all forms of existence. The liberating force that deliver a man from his cravings, key for the liberation.